Propiedad Del Lobo - inpedimenta.cf
He assumed that there was no substitution because of the shortness of time elapsed in the development of the obsession and because of the nature of the subject matter. Substitution and disfigurement were more likely to occur in cases of metaphysical obsessions, such as one he then described of a woman obsessed by extraterrestrial life. About half of this article is devoted to organic causes of impotence. The evidence, however, seems to indicate a greater accommodation to Freudian practice than Valenciano admits. Madrid : Mundo Latino , , 60 — Garma did not recall this incident when I asked him about it in See review by Chapela , E.
Salazar y , El Sol , 4 March Barcelona : Edicions 62 , Torino : Boringheri , , III , — New York : Basic Books , Buenos Aires, Losada , [ lst ed. This interview was made possible by a grant from the Fund for Psychoanalytic Research of the American Psychoanalytic Association. This is suggestive but, in the context of recent Argentinian psychoanalytic polemics, is a mere canard; in the same pre-Berlin period, Garma also worked with Sacristan at Ciempozuelos, which was a psychiatric environment congenial to Freudianism.
This article was originally published in Archives de Neurobiologia in Note the heightened interest in Spain in psychoanalysis as a diagnostic technique. According to Molina p. There is a fascinating case of hysteria, reflecting the political ambience of Republican Spain pp. Garma accounted for most of the articles on psychoanalysis published in the latter journal; see Pardo , F. The sixteenth lesson in the psychiatric questionnaire p. The league submitted a memorandum to the interior minister in January whose section on sex education referred explicitly to psychoanalytic recommendations that a discussion of incest be included in sex education for adolescents El Sol , 29 January His participation in the Instituto de Psicologia Instituto Psicotecnico is well documented see the report of his lecture there on transference in El Sol , 17 February and was singled out by his friend Jose Germain in the Madrid lecture cited in note 12, above.
It was difficult for an outsider with a radically different view to break into this closed circle. Serrano's work was proscribed in Franco Spain and was published in France a decade after its completion. See his description p. Madrid : Centro , , See Morris , , Surrealism and Spain , — New York : William Morrow , —15 , there is a psychoanalyst, Dr. Alcan, a thinly disguised acronym for Lacan. He is pictured with Lacan , in El Pais Madrid , 2 03 Candelas , , La antropologia de Novoa Santos , Boston : Little, Brown , , Madrid : Javier Morata , , II , — Freud is there identified, in italics, as judio de raza.
The fact that Barcia was an anatomist reinforces the picture of Freudian influence spreading well beyond the disciplinary boundaries of psychiatry. Barcelona : Salvat , , — Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection. This data will be updated every 24 hours.
Login Alert. Log in. Aa Aa. Cited by 7 Cited by. Crossref Citations. This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef. Visacovsky, Sergio Eduardo The Transnational Unconscious. The vines whose fruit is intended for table use as grapes or raisins are trained on espaliers or on trees, especially the nettle-tree Celtis australis.
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Among fruit-trees the first place belongs to the olive. Its range in Spain embraces the whole of the southern half of the table-land, Fruit. Along the base of the Sierra Morena from Andujar to the vicinity of Cordova there run regular forests of olives, embracing hundreds of square miles. Cordova is the headquarters of the oil industry, Seville of the cultiva- tion of olives for table use.
In the yield of oil amounted to 36,, gallons. Oranges and lemons, excluded from the plateau by the severity of the winter cold, are grown in great quantities on the plains of Andalusia and all round the Mediterranean coast; the peel of the bigarade or bitter orange is exported to Holland for the manu- facture of curacao; and figs, almonds, pomegranates, carobs and other southern fruits are also grown abundantly in all the warmer parts, the first two even in central Spain and the more sheltered parts of the northern maritime provinces.
In these last, however, the prevailing fruit-trees are those of central Europe, and above all the apple, which is very extensively cultivated in Asturias, the Basque Provinces and Navarre. In these provinces large quantities of cider are brewed. The date-palro is very general in the south- eastern half of the kingdom, but is cultivated for its fruit only in the province of Alicante, in which is the celebrated date-grove of Elche q.
In the southern provinces flourish also various sub- tropical exotics, such as the banana, the West Indian cherimoya, and the prickly pear or Indian fig Opuntia vulgaris , the last fre- quently grown as a hedge-plant, as in other Mediterranean countries, and extending even to the southern part of the table-land.
It is specially abundant on the Balearic Islands. Cotton is now cultivated only here and there in the south; but sugar-cane is, with sugar-beet, becoming more and more of a staple Sazar ' n tne provinces of Granada, Malaga and Almeria. The industry received a powerful stimulus from the loss of the Spanish colonies in , which freed the Spanish growers from the rivalry of their. In the official statistics showed 22 cane-sugar factories and 47 beet-sugar factories with an annual output of about , tons.
In the production of pod-fruits and kitchen vegetables Spain is ahead of many other countries. The chick-pea forms part of the daily food of all classes of the inhabitants; and among vegetables.
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The principal fodder-crops are lucerne Medicago sativa and esparcette a variety of sainfoin. Clover, particularly crimson clover Trifolium in- carnatum , is grown in the northern provinces. Esparto, chiefly from the arid lands of the south-east, is largely exported to Great Britain.
Despite all the efforts of the breeders and of the government, a decline has gone on not only in horse-rearing, but also in other classes of livestock since Among the causes Livestock. Heavy taxation, aggravated by unequal distribution of the burden, owing to insufficient survey of the assessable property, has also contributed to the decline of this and other branches of Spanish farming. The only animals belonging to Spain still noted for their excellence are mules and asses, which are recognized as among the best to be found anywhere. The pork and hams of Estremadura are famous; goats' milk and cheese are important articles of diet.
In some districts a single peasant often owns as many as head of goats. Besides the cattle reared for field-labour and in the northern provinces for regular dairy farming, bulls for bull-fighting are specially reared in many parts of the country, particularly in the forests of Navarre, the mountains separating the two Castiles, the Sierra Morena, and the Serrania de Ronda in Granada, and also in separate enclosures on the islands of the Guadalquivir.
Spanish sheep, which once formed so important a part of the national wealth, are far from having the same importance at the present day. The most famous breeds of Spanish sheep are the merinos or migrating sheep, which once brought immense revenues to the state as well as to the large proprietors to whom they mostly belonged see Merino. These sheep are pastured in different districts in summer and winter. Their winter quarters are in the lower parts of Leon and Estremadura, La Mancha, and the lowlands of Andalusia, their summer quarters the more mountainous districts to the east and north Plasencia in the province of Caceres, Avila, Segovia, Cuenca, Valencia , which are not so much affected by t-he summer droughts of.
The mode of the migration and the routes to be followed are prescribed by law. Each flock consists of about 10, sheep, under the command of a mayoral, and is divided into sections containing about each, each section under the charge of an overseer capataz , who is assisted by a number of shepherds pastores attended by dogs. The shepherds, rudely clad in a sleeveless sheepskin jacket, the wool outside, and leather breeches, and loosely wrapped in a woollen mantle or blanket, are among the most striking objects in a Spanish landscape, especially on the table-land.
On the Use of Terror, Cruelty and Violence in the Spanish Conquest of the Americas: Some Thoughts
The migration to the summer quarters takes place at the beginning of April, the return at the end of September. At one time the owners of merino flocks enjoyed the right of pasturing their sheep during their migrations on a strip of ground about yds. The numbers of the merinos have been greatly reduced, and they have been replaced by coarse-woolled breeds. In there were about sardine-curing establishments in the kingdom. No European country produces so great a variety of minerals in large amount, and in the production of copper ore, lead ore and mercury Spain heads the list.
In the production of salt and silver it is excelled only by Austria-Hungary, and, as regards silver, not always even by it.
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Iron ore is chiefly obtained in Biscay and Murcia, the former yielding by far the greater quantity, but the latter yielding the better quality. The lead ore is obtained chiefly in Murcia and Jaen. The famous mines of Linares belong to the latter province. Argentiferous lead is chiefly produced in Almeria, which also pro- duces most of the silver ore of other kinds except argentiferous copper ore, which is entirely obtained from Ciudad Real. The still more celebrated mercury mines of Almaden?. Coal is chiefly obtained in Oviedo, Palencia and Cordova.
TITe production is quite insignificant compared with the extent of the coal-bearing beds, which are estimated to cover an area of about sq. Among the less important Spanish minerals are manganese chiefly in Ciudad Real , antimony, gold, cobalt, sodic sulphate, sulphate of barium barytes , phosphorite found in Caceres , alum, sulphur, kaolin, lignite, asphalt, besides a variety of building and ornamental stones. By the law of the 6th of July , a large number of important mines, including all the salt-works and rock-salt mines, were reserved as state property, but financial necessities compelled the government to surrender one mine after another, so that at present the state possesses only the mercury mines and some salt-works.
Many of the mines have been granted to foreign principally British companies. The principal manufacture is that of cotton. The exports of Spanish cotton goods were, until the close of the 19th century, hardly worth mentioning outside the colonial markets, which took an average of two millions sterling in the decade 1 This outlet is now almost closed, as the new masters of Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines no longer protect Spanish imports against European and American com- petitors.
But this loss has been to a great extent compensated by the expansion of the home market for cotton, and the Spanish manufacturers are unable to meet the wants of the population, large quantities of cotton goods being imported every year. The cotton industry was long principally centred in Catalonia, and mainly in the province and town of Barcelona, famed also for their manu- factures of lace, woollen and linen goods.
The northern provinces, especially Guipiizcoa and Biscay, Navarre and Oviedo, have followed in the wake of Catalonia for linen and cotton industries and for paper-mills.
Flax-spinning is confined to Galicia. The silk industry, though inadequate to meet the home demands, is active in Valencia, Murcia and Seville. Metal industries, at first limited to the Basque Provinces, particularly around Bilbao, have spread to Asturias, Almeria, Galicia, near the great ore beds and in the vicinity of many coal mines.
In the same Asturian districts the government has its foundries and factories for making arms at La Trubia and Oviedo, Toledo being only now famous for its blades and decorative work, while the foundries at Seville and Segovia are unimportant compared with those of Asturias.